Unlike the Arctic, the Antarctic or South Pole is a continent covered with ice and surrounded by water on all sides. It is located at the southern extreme of the planet and is circumscribed by the Antarctic circle.

The Southern Ocean which surrounds the Antarctic continent is a closed sea due to the currents it generates. Its biodiversity is not very great, but its biomass is. For six months of the year, as with the opposite pole, night does not form part of the landscape, and the fact that light lasts for so long generates explosions of plankton which constitute the basis of life for many other species.

Gentoo penguin
Gentoo penguins are easily recognised by the white patch on the upper section of their head, behind their eyes. Their bill and feet are an orange colour.